The availability of fodder is one of the limiting factors in animal
husbandry. Organic husbandry should be mainly based on the fodder produced. As is the case with
humans, there is a direct link between the food and the health of the animals.
A diverse and balanced mixture of food is a pre-condition for good
Grazing and shed feeding both have their advantages as well as disadvantages.
Overgrazing is a major threat to soil fertility.
If farm animals are to be productive (milk, eggs, meat etc.),
it is important that they get suitable food in sufficient quantities. If the fodder production of
one's farm is limited (which usually is the case), it might be economically valid to keep less
animals but supply them with sufficient food. The appropriate quantity and the mix of feed items
will of course depend on the type of animal, but also on its main use (e.g. chicken for meat or egg
production, cattle for milk, meat or draft etc.). In milk production for example, cows producing
milk should be given fresh grass and possibly other feed items of sufficient protein content. On
the same diet, draught animals would rapidly become exhausted, this is where we come in to supply
you with high quality fodder.
||Food requirements of animals
A balanced diet will keep an animal healthy and productive. Whether
or not a farm animal receives the appropriate amount and kind of fodder usually can be seen by the
shine of its hair or feathers.
For ruminants, a majority of the fodder should consist of roughage (grass, leaves). If
concentrates or supplements are used (e.g. agricultural by-products and wastes), they should not
contain growth promoters and other synthetic substances. If mineral content in the available fodder
is not sufficient to satisfy the animal's requirements, mineral salt bricks or similar feed
supplements can be used as long as they do not contain synthetic additives.
The management of pastures is crucial for a good herd
management. It is also important to practice appropriate management throughout the year. There are
many different types of grasses, and every climatic region has grasses which are specifically
adapted to the conditions. In some cases it may be worth considering to till the grazing site and
sow grass varieties that are more appropriate to the animal's needs.
Overgrazing is probably the most significant threat to grass land.
Once the protective grass cover is destroyed, the top soil is prone to erosion. Degraded pastures
or land with little plant cover is difficult to re-cultivate. Therefore, it is important that the
use and intensity of grazing on a particular piece of land is appropriate to its production
capacity. Sufficient time must be given to a pasture to recover after intensive grazing. Fencing
off of areas and rotation of the grazing animals on several pieces of land is a suitable option.
This will also reduce infection from parasites encountered while the animals
The intensity and timing of grazing as well as the cutting of the
grass will influence the varieties of plants growing in the pasture. If certain weeds are a
problem, the organic farmer will have to change his management practises as herbicides can not be
Leaf has CP content of 21-38%, commonly about 26%. Much lower for stem (7-20%). Grain
contains 20-28% CP. Digestibility ranges from 55-76%, commonly >60% (leaves). Grain high in
vitamins A, B and C.
Leaf is highly palatable, but stem has low palatability. Palatability of grain is low to
moderate depending on variety.
Leaf does not contain anti-nutritive factors such as tannins. Mixed plantings with forage
sorghum prevents the occurrence of bloat. Grain contains tannins, and phytate and trypsin
inhibitors. Concentrations vary among varieties. Soaking or cooking reduces the activity of these
1. Saving of Land - 1000 Kg of Hydroponic fodder requires 300
sq feet land area against 2700 Sq Feet for conventional fodder.
||Benefits of Agric Consult Ghana Fodder
2. Saving of Water - Production of 1 Kg fodder requires 3 litres ofwater against
80 Litres/Kg of conventional Fodder.
3. Saving of Time - Agric Consult Ghana green fodder can be harvested on
every7th day in comparison to harvesting of conventional green fodder at 30 -
4. Contamination free - Agric Consult Ghana fodder is grown in asepticconditions
while conventional fodder is affected by several pest & diseases.
5. Constant Supply - Agric Consult Ghana fodder can be harvested for 359 days
ina year while green fodder is available only for few months.
6. Highly Palatable - The taste of Agric Consult Ghana fodder is very much
7. More Nutritious - Compared to conventional fodder Agric Consult Ghana
fodderprovide more nutrition per Kg of Fodder.
8. Improves animal health - Agric Consult Ghana fodders are easily digestibleand
contamination free so Feeding on this improves animal health too.